Referenda Roundup 2022: Initial Report

How states performed on library ballot measures

November 9, 2022

Referenda Roundup 2022

Every year, voters from small towns and big cities alike decide on ballot measures that affect libraries. This year is no different—and as in past years, American Libraries and the Public Library Association have partnered to look at some of the wins and losses across the country.

While libraries notched many victories in 2022, some failed measures reflect broader cultural and economic shifts. For instance, in Jamestown Township, Michigan, a levy that would provide Patmos Library with 84% of its annual budget, failed on August 2 in large part because residents opposed to LGBTQ materials in the library’s collection campaigned against the millage. Jamestown Township residents had another chance to vote on funding November 8; we’ll bring you those results, and many other results from Election Day, once they are officially tabulated.

Check back online later this month and in our January/February 2023 issue for our “Referenda Roundup 2022: Final Report.”


On May 24, Little Rock voters considered a proposal that would reduce the capital improvement tax rate, lowering the millage from 1.8 to 1.3 mills and allowing Central Arkansas Library System to refinance and extend current bonds for the bookmobile and other resources. The reduction passed, with 68% of voters in favor.


On June 7, voters in Oakland approved Measure C, extending for 30 years an existing parcel tax that provides the city’s public library system with $18 million every year, or 40% of its budget. The measure passed 65,362–14,000.


All votes listed in this section refer to Illinois’ June 28 primary.

White Oak Library District voters from Crest Hill, Lockport, and Romeoville failed to pass a tax increase that would expand the library’s operating hours and services. The .19-mill increase was defeated 4,886–3,928.

Village of Millstadt and Millstadt school district voters rejected a referendum that would annex unserved territory to the Millstadt Library District and provide funding for the construction of a new library. The measure failed 1,841–863.


All votes listed in this section refer to Iowa’s September 13 special election.

Residents in Slater failed to approve a $2.5 million general obligation bond to fund a new library and community center. While nearly 52% voted in approval, the measure required a 60% supermajority to pass.

Story City voters approved two ballot measures affecting Bertha Bartlett Public Library: With more than 73% in favor, voters extended an existing capital improvements reserve levy for another 10 years, which would allow for a building expansion. With nearly 75% in favor, voters decided to expand the library board from five to seven members.


In Beauregard Parish, voters were asked on April 30 to consider the continuation of a 7.85-mill levy over a period of 10 years for the maintenance and operation of public libraries. The measure passed 1,649–723.


At a special town meeting on October 24, Swansea residents voted 297–127 to approve $19 million in funding for the renovation and expansion of its public library. The vote met the necessary two-thirds threshold to pass.


All votes listed in this section refer to Michigan’s August 2 primary election.

Voters in Allendale Township passed by a vote of 1,429–1,380 a six-year millage of .3 mills that would provide operational funding for the public library.

By a tally of 1,870–1,374, residents of Fraser passed a new 20-year millage at a rate of 1 mill, replacing a previous millage that had been in place and unchanged since 1963. Fraser Public Library will put the funds toward building issues, technology, and programming.

Grand Ledge voters passed a 10-year, 1.2-mill levy for Grand Ledge Area District Library, 2,794–1,503. The levy represents nearly 90% of the library’s annual budget.

Voters rejected by a tally of 1,904–1,141 the renewal of a property tax millage that would provide Patmos Library in Jamestown Township with 84% of its $245,000 annual budget. Multiple news outlets, including Detroit Free Press and Bridge Michigan, reported that a group of residents campaigned against the millage because the library would not remove LGBTQ materials from its collection. On November 8, voters were again asked to approve library funding with a .6-mill proposal over 10 years that covers renewal of the previously authorized millage as well as a new millage. If passed, Patmos Library would receive $320,000 in funding in its first year.

Capital Area District Libraries in Lansing reported that a measure to restore the district’s millage rate to 1.56 mills passed 33,961–15,550. For the past two years, the millage rate was rolled back to 1.55 mills as a provision of the Headlee Amendment to the Constitution of Michigan. The increase will help the library system cover operational costs, such as staffing and technology.

Tuscola County voters approved a 10-year, 1.25-mill tax benefitting Bullard Sanford Memorial Library in Vassar by a vote of 1,319–558.


On May 5, nearly 80% of voters in Batavia approved a tax levy increase of $21,865 for Richmond Memorial Library’s budget. This is the first levy increase the library has seen in three years.

Canton Central School District voters approved a $26,364 funding increase—amounting to .89 mills—for Canton Free Library on May 17. The increase passed 354–76.

On May 3, voters in the Gloversville Enlarged School District approved a $553,695 tax levy (equating to roughly .06 mills) for Gloversville Public Library 139–55. Most of the funds will go toward staff salaries and benefits.

Kingston voters approved on September 20 a 25-year, $14 million bond to fund renovations at Kingston Library (362–75) as well as a $1 million tax levy for the library’s 2023 operating budget (388–54).

On May 17, voters in the Lowville Academy and Central School District approved a $20,000 funding increase for Lowville Public Library and $5,000 funding increase for William H. Bush Memorial Library in Martinsburg by a vote of 387–99. The tax rate will go up approximately .04 mills to cover these increases.


In July, Greensboro voters passed a $70 million parks and recreation bond that would create a joint-use facility combining Windsor Recreation Center and the Vance H. Chavis branch of Greensboro Public Library, among other projects. The referendum was approved with nearly 67% of voters in favor.


All votes listed in this section apply to Ohio’s May 3 primary election. For more results, see this list from Ohio Library Council.

Voters approved a six-year renewal of a 4.5-mill operating levy for Grandview Heights Public Library by a tally of 1,709–271.

By a count of 7,244–2,354, voters renewed a 2-mill operating levy and passed a 1-mill increase for 10 years that would provide Upper Arlington Public Library with $5.3 million in funding annually. The combined levy will go toward operational costs, including wages, materials, and utilities.


On May 17, Tillamook County residents renewed a five-year, .65-mill levy for Tillamook County Library that was set to expire in June. The measure passed 5,572–3,557. The levy accounts for more than 95% of revenue for the six-location system.


On May 7, voters in Fort Worth approved Proposition C, a measure that would issue $12.5 million in public securities (and impose taxes to pay the interest and principal on these securities) to provide for a new library branch on the city’s northwest side. The referendum won 17,639–11,335.


Voters in Castle Rock rejected a .3-mill excess tax levy for its public library on August 2. Over the past three years, levies have failed a total of six times, with the library being forced to depend entirely on donations. More than 58% voted in favor, but the proposition required a supermajority of 60% to pass.


On May 10, a five-year levy renewal that would benefit Parkersburg and Wood County Public Library failed to pass. Though voters were in favor 8,284–6,404, the measure did not meet a threshold of 60% plus one. The levy, which provides the library system with 30% of its funding, reappeared in a reworded format on the November 8 ballot.


Referenda Roundup 2021

Referenda Roundup 2021: Final Report

How states performed on library measures

Referenda Roundup 2020

Referenda Roundup 2020: Final Report

How states performed on library measures